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National Roadmap
13-03-2013
Portugal

Description

BUILD-UP SKILLS-Portugal focused on the evaluation of the workers in building sector, specifically craftsmen and installers, in terms of their skills in energy efficiency (EE) and renewable energy sources (RES).

Portugal has established, as in other countries of EU, an energy policy with two action axis: i) increase the energy efficiency by reducing the final energy use and ii) increase the RES share in the total primary energy. These goals have been quantified in the revised PNAEE and PNAER2. Defining the route to achieve the objectives pursued for 2020 is crucial. The recast of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (2010/31/EU) drives countries to tighten the building energy requirements and requests, by 2020, new nearly Zero-Energy Buildings. Energy goals are ambitious. Despite the building sector activity is decreasing, the workforce still does not have the appropriate skills. Therefore, training for EE and RES becomes necessary and urgent.

In Portugal, the current workforce which skills are related to EE and RES is estimated to be in the range of 55 to 65 thousand. From those, as well as from others coming from first employment or unemployment, a total of 26.2 to 36.6 thousand should still be trained. This roadmap identified, in order to accomplish the Renewable Energies Directive (2009/28/EC), the need to have specific training in the following technologies: photovoltaic, solar thermal, biomass boilers and stoves, heat pumps and shallow geothermal. Regarding building envelope and other energy systems, with the aim of promoting the energy efficiency in buildings energy use, the focus goes to windows installers, thermal insulation workers (including bricklayers), HVAC and boilers installers, lighting systems electricians, energy management and buildings operation technicians.
 
The action plan for the period between 2014-2020 consists of a set of structural, operational and supporting measures. The main target of the operational action plan stands on the current workforce relevant for EE and RES (70 percent of the total to be trained). However, requalification programs for unemployed (around 10 percent) are also a leading issue to be considered in the EE and RES training strategy. The investment cost for the set of operational measures is in the range of 20-36 million Euros.